On this week’s Science Show we have Dr Julie Greensmith talking about her research in Artificial Immune Systems. It seems like a good idea to look at artificial intelligence as a whole and its history
The American computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term in 1955 and defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines". Basically apply the way our brain thinks and makes decisions to computing and engineering. To begin with scientists were optimistic about the time it would take to recreate the methods of reasoning, learning and perception that we are so used to in day to day life.
Turing Test was introduced by Alan Turing in his 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence," which opens with the words: "I propose to consider the question, 'Can machines think?'" Because "thinking" is difficult to define, Turing chooses to "replace the question by another, which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words." Turing's new question is: "Are there imaginable digital computers which would do well in the imitation game?" This question, Turing believed, is one that can actually be answered.